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The May Producer Sentiment Index was nine points lower than in April, bringing it back in line with January and February numbers. (Purdue/CME Group Ag Economy Barometer/David Widmar)
Survey responses showed that the shift came from producer feelings about current conditions rather than future expectations. The Index of Current Conditions fell from 107 in April to 83 in May, while the Index of Future Expectations fell just one point, from 105 to 104.
Increased pessimism is likely due in part to falling livestock prices, according to Jim Mintert, director of Purdue’s Center for Commercial Agriculture, professor of agricultural economics and principal investigator for the barometer.
“Some of the decline in producer sentiment in May can likely be attributed to changing perceptions about the livestock sector,” he said. “In May, just 36 percent of producers surveyed expected widespread good times for livestock producers over the next five years, which is a substantial drop from the 46 percent in April who expected good times for livestock production.”
One explanation for the drop is price declines in feeder and live cattle. June live-cattle futures traded above $130 per hundredweight as recently as March. By mid-April, those prices fell to $122, and in early May they hit $115. Feeder cattle futures followed suit, which Mintert said diminished profit prospects for both cattle feeders and cow-calf producers.
In contrast, crop sector sentiment exhibited a modest decline from April to May.
“In short, the sentiment regarding the future for livestock producers, which had been strong, showed signs of eroding relative to expectations about the future for crop producers,” Mintert said. In the May survey, producers also were asked about their expectations for farmland values. This same question was also part of the surveys in November, February and March, which gave researchers a look at expectations over time.
The percentage of producers who expect farmland prices to increase in the next year has been small but fairly stable since November, consistently landing in a range from 13 percent to 15 percent. The percentage of producers expecting farmland prices to fall in the next year has fluctuated more. In November and March, 46 percent of producers surveyed expected farmland values to fall.
Respondents were less pessimistic in May, when just 33 percent said they expected a decline. Grain prices play a role, and overall, producers still see farmland as a good investment, said Purdue research associate David Widmar.
“The reduction in pessimism regarding near-term farmland prices is likely driven by the improvement in crop prices the last couple of months,” he said. “A majority of producers also still see farmland as a favorable long-term investment.”
When asked to evaluate farmland as an investment, 52 percent of producers surveyed rated it positively and about 25 percent gave it a neutral rating. Only 23 percent said they thought farmland was a poor investment. Finally, producers were asked about farmer profitability over the next year. Only 10 percent reported that they expect profitability to improve.
About the Purdue University Center for Commercial Agriculture
The Center for Commercial Agriculture was founded in 2011 to provide professional development and educational programs for farmers. Housed withinPurdue University’s Department of Agricultural Economics, the center’s faculty and staff develop and execute research and educational programs that address the different needs of managing in today’s business environment.
About CME Group
As the world’s leading and most diverse derivatives marketplace, CME Group (www.cmegroup.com) is where the world comes to manage risk. CME Group exchanges offer the widest range of global benchmark products across all major asset classes, including futures and options based on interest rates, equity indexes, foreign exchange, energy, agricultural products and metals. Around the world, CME Group brings buyers and sellers together through its CME Globex® electronic trading platform and its exchanges based in Chicago, New York andLondon. CME Group also operates one of the world’s leading central counterparty clearing providers through CME Clearing and CME Clearing Europe, which offer clearing and settlement services across asset classes for exchange-traded and over-the-counter derivatives. CME Group’s products and services ensure that businesses around the world can effectively manage risk and achieve growth.