USDA Reports Summary: Production Forecast Lowered, Yield Estimates Increase – DTN

    USDA lowered its forecasts for corn and soybean production to 13.56 billion bushels and 3.89 bb respectively.

    On corn, USDA estimated the national average yield at 168 bushels per acre, up 0.5 bpa from last month. Harvested acreage was trimmed by about 500,000 acres to 80.7 ma, toward the low end of pre-report estimates.

    Soybean yield came in at 47.2 bpa, up 0.1 bpa from last month. USDA also lowered harvested acreage by 1.1 million acres to 82.4 ma.

    USDA’s ending stocks estimates all fell within the range of pre-report expectations.


    USDA’s Crop Production forecasts incorporated certified acreage data from the Farm Services Agency. Farmers planted a total of 88.4 million acres of corn, but will only harvest 80.7 million acres for grain.

    USDA is forecasting the crop will be the third largest on record.

    Corn ending stocks for the 2015-16 marketing year are estimated at 1.561 bb, down 31 million bushels from last month’s estimate. USDA made no changes to demand, and the drop is a result of the smaller production forecast.

    The ending stocks-to-use ratio dropped slightly to 11.3%. The season average farm price was expected to range from $3.50 to $4.10, also higher than last month.

    Globally, stocks were estimated at 187.83 million metric tons, down 1.9 mmt from last month. USDA lowered beginning stocks by 1.2 mmt to reflect higher feeding in the EU and Ukrainian exports. USDA lowered its 2015-16 production forecasts for Ukraine, Argentina, India, Philippines and several sub-Saharan African countries.

    The global stocks-to-use ratio was unchanged at 19.2%.


    USDA’s production estimates for soybeans were within the range of pre-report estimates.

    USDA made numerous changes to its soybean supply and demand estimates for 2015-16.

    USDA incorporated the lower beginning stocks estimate from the last Grain Stocks report and its lower production forecast, resulting in a 66 mb decline in supplies. USDA increased its forecast for crush by 10 mb and cut its forecast for exports by 50 mb.

    USDA also made some revisions to its 2014-15 supply and demand estimates, including increasing soybean crush by 30 mb and increasing exports by 18 mb.

    Ending stocks for 2015-16 declined by 25 mb to 425 mb, and the stocks-to-use ratio dropped to 11.5%. The national average farm price range was left unchanged at $8.40 to $9.90.

    Globally, USDA slightly increased stocks to 85.14 mmt. USDA increased Brazilian 2015-16 soybean production to 100 mmt from its previous estimate of 97 mmt. It also increased Brazil’s production for 2014-15 to 96.2 mb.

    Global stocks-to-use was unchanged at 27.4%.


    USDA incorporated its smaller production estimate into the supply and demand estimates, lowering production by 84 mb to 2.052 bb. Feed and residual use declined 20 mb and exports dropped 50 mb, resulting in a 14 mb decline in ending stocks. Ending stocks are forecast at 861 mb.

    The ending stocks-to-use ratio climbed to 41.6%. The national average farm gate price range was narrowed by a dime at both the high and low ends, ranging from $4.75 to $5.25.

    USDA boosted global ending stocks by 1.93 mmt to 228.5 mmt on increased production and beginning stocks. USDA increased production in Australia and Canada by 1 mmt and EU production by 1.1 mmt.

    Global ending stocks-to-use increased to 31.9%.


    On the domestic side, USDA’s October WASDE estimate of U.S. corn ending stocks for 2015-16 is 1.561 billion bushels, based on 13.555 billion bushels of estimated production with a yield of 168 bushels an acre. The 2015-16 ending stocks estimate is down from 1.731 billion bushels for 2014-15 and is more than expected, said DTN Analyst Todd Hultman. “Friday’s report should be viewed as neutral-to-bearish for corn,” Hultman said.

    USDA’s estimate of U.S. soybean ending in 2015-16 is 425 million bushels, based on 3.888 billion bushels of production and a yield of 47.2 bushels an acre. The 2015-16 estimate of ending stocks is up from 191 million bushels for 2014-15. “New-crop stocks were more than expected, and Friday’s report should be viewed as neutral-to-bearish for soybeans,” Hultman said.

    USDA’s estimate of U.S. ending wheat stocks for 2015-16 is 861 million bushels, based on 2.052 billion bushels of production and more than expected. “Friday’s U.S. report should be viewed as neutral-to-bearish for wheat,” Hultman said.

    On the global side, USDA’s estimate of global ending corn stocks for 2015-16 was reduced from 189.69 million metric tons to 187.83 mmt and is less than expected. The 2014-15 corn production estimate for Brazil was increased from 84.0 to 85.0 mmt.

    USDA’s world ending soybean stocks estimate for 2015-16 was increased from 84.98 to 85.14 mmt and is more than expected. The 2014-15 production estimate for Brazil was increased from 94.5 to 96.2 mmt.

    USDA’s estimate of world ending wheat stocks for 2015-16 was increased from 226.56 to 228.49 mmt and is more than expected. Production estimates showed increases for Australia, Canada, Europe and Ukraine.

    “Friday’s world estimates from USDA are slightly bullish for corn, but slightly bearish for soybeans and wheat,” Hultman said.

    U.S. CROP PRODUCTION (Million Bushels) 2015-16
    Oct Avg High Low Sep 2014-15
    Corn 13,555 13,461 13,798 13,050 13,585 14,216
    Soybeans 3,888 3,884 3,989 3,590 3,935 3,927
    Grain Sorghum 574 569 578 560 574 433
    U.S. AVERAGE YIELD (Bushels Per Acre) 2014-15
    Oct Avg High Low Sep 2014-15
    Corn 168 166.4 169.6 161 167.5 171
    Soybeans 47.2 46.9 48 43 47.1 47.5
    U.S. HARVESTED ACRES (Million Acres) 2014-15
    Oct Avg High Low Sep 2014-15
    Corn 80.7 80.9 81.4 80.5 81.1 83.1
    Soybeans 82.4 82.9 84 82.2 83.5 82.6
    U.S. ENDING STOCKS (Million Bushels) 2015-16 Sep*
    Oct Avg High Low Sep 2014-15 2013-14
    Corn 1,561 1,498 1,750 1,130 1,592 1,731 1,236
    Soybeans 425 398 511 125 450 191 92
    Grain Sorghum 42 39 42 36 41 18 34
    Wheat 861 821 896 765 875 753
    WORLD ENDING STOCKS (Million Metric Tons) 2015-2016
    Oct Avg High Low Sep 2014-15
    Corn 187.8 189.2 193.0 181.7 189.7 197.2
    Soybeans 85.1 84.6 86.5 82.0 85.0 78.7
    Wheat 228.5 224.7 226.5 221.5 226.6 211.3
    WORLD PRODUCTION (Million Metric Tons)
    2015-16 2014-15
    Oct Sep Oct Sep
    FSU – 12 wheat 117.5 117.0 112.7 112.7
    European Union wheat 155.3 154.1 156.5 156.5
    China corn 225.0 225.0 215.7 215.7
    Brazil corn 80.0 79.0 85.0 84.0
    Brazil soybeans 100.0 97.0 96.2 94.5
    Argentine soybeans 57.0 57.0 60.8 60.8

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