Kansas: Rains Benefit Crops, Delay Wheat Harvest

    Crop Progress and Condition for the Week Ending June 29, 2014.

    For the week ending June 29, 2014, thunderstorms brought widespread rainfall over several days and some hail damage to crops in northwest Kansas, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The rain and high humidity limited wheat harvest last week, but was beneficial for row crops and pastures. Less than two inches of rain was common in the east and northeast, two to four inches in the south and central, and some areas in western Kansas reported over six inches of total rainfall.

    Temperatures were cooler than normal across the State. Growing weeds in thin standing wheat was becoming a big issue, with some farmers electing to spray. There were 3.1 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Topsoil moisture supply ratings increased to 7 percent very short, 14 short, 71 adequate, and 8 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 15 percent very short, 30 short, 53 adequate, and 2 surplus.

    Field Crops Report: Winter wheat conditions rated 28 percent very poor, 33 poor, 27 fair, 11 good, and 1 excellent. Winter wheat coloring was 96 percent, near 97 last year and 99 for the five-year average. Winter wheat mature was 84 percent, ahead of 80 last year, but behind 89 average. Winter wheat harvested was 40 percent, behind 50 last year and 66 average.

    Corn conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 36 fair, 45 good, and 10 excellent. Corn silking was 18 percent, ahead of 3 last year, but near 15 average.

    Sorghum conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 39 fair, 48 good, and 7 excellent. Sorghum planted was 91 percent, behind 96 last year and 95 average. Sorghum emerged was 72 percent, behind 81 last year and 82 average.

    Soybean conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 36 fair, 54 good, and 7 excellent. Soybeans planted was 93 percent complete, near 94 last year and 97 average. Soybeans emerged was 89 percent, near 87 last year and 91 average. Soybeans blooming was 5 percent, near 1 last year, but equal to the average.

    Sunflower conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 34 fair, 54 good, and 8 excellent. Sunflowers planted was 84 percent, near 88 last year and 83 average. Sunflowers emerged was 68 percent, near 67 for both last year and the average.

    Cotton conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 41 fair, 49 good, and 5 excellent. Cotton squaring was 5 percent, near 6 last year, but behind 20 average.

    Alfalfa hay conditions were 4 percent very poor, 13 poor, 44 fair, 35 good, and 4 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 39 percent complete, ahead of 26 last year, but behind 54 average.

    Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 7 percent very poor, 18 poor, 39 fair, 33 good, and 3 excellent.

    Stock water supplies improved and rated 8 percent very short, 15 short, 74 adequate, and 3 surplus.


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