Peanut Crop Starting To Shape Up In South And West – AgFax


    AgFax Peanuts


    Owen Taylor,
    Editor (601-992-9488)

    Larry Stalcup,
    Southwest Editor (806-356-6098)



    Peanuts are pulling
    themselves together
    on a wider basis in both the South and West
    this week. pegging on
    a wider basis in the South and the West this week.


    The crop is pegging
    more widely
    in the Southeast, while rains continue push along
    the crop in parts of Texas and Oklahoma.


    Worms are being treated
    in scattered areas in the Southeast. In pockets, they’re heavy, but
    no widescale outbreaks are being reported. Lesser cornstalk borers
    have been reported in dry areas.


    Rainfall patterns have
    in the South. Parts of the Midsouth continue
    to receive rain. Much of the region measured an inch or more in the
    last week. Areas in the lower Southeast received good amounts since
    our last report. But other parts of the region have missed recent
    showers and are getting dry.


    Substantial rainfall
    to develop in Oklahoma and Texas, and people are
    closely watching
    for Rhizoctonia. Residual herbicides are holding back most weeds,
    our contacts this week noted. One Texas Extension agent said that
    due to the state’s prolonged drought that hardly any cotton plant
    growth regulator had been applied in his county in the last 2 years.
    “With all the rain in the last 6 weeks, we’re having to reeducate
    ourselves about how to use them,” he joked.


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    Trey Bullock, Bullock's
    Ag Consulting, Hattiesburg, Mississippi:
    "Our oldest peanuts are
    right around 50 days and are starting to peg real good. Gypsum is
    going out. Those planted 30 days ago are blooming on time. Peanuts
    planted 50 days ago took 38 to 40 days to bloom, so our earliest and
    latest aren’t that far apart now. We’re seeing a few tobacco
    budworms and some yellow striped armyworms around but nothing we’re
    concerned about. All of our herbicides worked extremely well.”


    Jack Royal, Royal’s
    Agricultural Consulting Co., Inc., Leary, Georgia:
    “Peanuts range
    from planted on June 2 to some just starting to peg. If we don’t get
    a lot of rainfall soon, we’ll start irrigating to prompt more fruit


    Todd Baughman, Oklahoma
    State University Institute for Agricultural Biosciences, Program
    Support Leader, Peanuts, Ardmore:
    “As long as we can keep this
    pattern of rainfall going, we’re going to be in good shape. Our
    biggest concern tends to be staying up on irrigation, and the rain
    is really helping. We’re getting a few reports of grasshoppers. But
    that shouldn’t be much of a concern for peanuts. They can handle
    foliage damage more than other crops.”


    Ayanava “Doctor A”
    Majumdar, Extension Peanut Entomologist, Auburn University:
    Smith (Extension Entomologist) has indicated higher-than-normal
    tobacco budworm (TBW) activity in southeast Alabama. Peanut
    producers should watch for mixed populations of corn earworm (CEW)
    and TBW in July and thereafter. CEW moth activity typically peaks in
    late July in peanut fields, depending on weather conditions.


    “Control measures
    should be selected carefully after correct identification of TBW,
    since they are harder to kill with pyrethroids. You’ll need a good
    magnifying lens to look at the hair patterns on these caterpillars
    to separate them. Stop using insecticides once populations subside
    in peanuts. Overuse of pyrethroids early as maintenance sprays could
    result in spider mite outbreaks. If the weather remains hot and dry
    in peanut areas, stay alert for lesser cornstalk borers and burrower


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    Brandon Phillips,
    Phillips Ag Services, LLC, Douglas, Georgia:
    “We’re at the end of a
    tobacco budworm (TBW) flight and sprayed a handful of fields and
    also have a handful of fields that we now wish we had sprayed. At
    least in those cases where we didn’t treat, the soil has plenty of
    moisture and peanuts should recover pretty good. We’re also starting
    to pick up a few threecornered alfalfa hoppers. Fungicides and
    Cadre are going out. We’re not seeing much right now in terms of
    lessers. All of our land plaster has gone out.”


    Ryan Roberts, Ryan
    Roberts Crop Consulting, Farwell, Texas/Southwestern Panhandle:
    “Peanuts are looking really good. We’re seeing several blooms and
    there is no disease pressure whatsoever. Our residual herbicides are
    working well. What weeds we’re not able to get are requiring hoe


    “We’re trying to
    maintain good soil moisture in the upper 6 inches. This keeps the
    environment damp to maintain cooler temperatures so pegs can
    penetrate the sandy soil. Then we’ll be on the watch for any disease
    pressure, mainly Rhizoctonia and peg rot. It’s way too early to have
    much concern about leaf spot.”


    Ron Smith, Alabama
    Extension Entomologist:
    "We have a tobacco budworm (TBW) flight that
    is into its fourth or fifth week, with no dip in numbers. We’ve had
    tobacco out for 6 to 8 years to monitor TBW activity and have really
    had to search in the past to find them. But this year we already had
    pretty good size worms on those plants by Memorial Day week. They’re
    still present and eggs are still being laid.”


    Kris Balkcom, Research
    Associate, Wiregrass Research and Extension Center, Headland,
    “Rains have been light and really spotty, with localized
    heavy showers popping up in the heat of the day. With plenty of
    sunshine and heat today (6/27), it’s not hard to tell who got
    moisture recently and who didn’t. Growers are running gypsum and
    putting out chlorothalonil. Peanuts are really taking off, although
    we do have areas where they’re not growing much. Thrips subsided.
    Fruiting is good in most of our earliest fields. No pest pressure
    that I’m seeing or hearing about.”


    Scott Monfort, Clemson
    University Extension Peanut Specialist, Blackville, South Carolina:

    “We could use a good, general rain. In small areas it’s been over a
    month since any significant rain has fallen. Growers are trying to
    clean up isolated weeds. We’ve had outbreaks of worms, not
    widespread but we do have some big pockets in certain parts of the
    state of tobacco budworms and beet armyworms. Some we’re treating,
    while in certain cases we’re waiting to see if they cycle out. It’s
    a little earlier than we’d want to have to worry about insects.


    Management Tip from Chemtura AgroSolutions:


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    these issues, follow a few simple guidelines from the
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    “In dry areas a few
    people say they’re already finding lesser cornstalk borers. The
    first fungicide applications has gone out pretty widely and in some
    cases the second has been made. In places, people have actually
    gotten 2 to 3 inches of rain, but it’s crazy how isolated the
    showers have been.”


    Chris Locke, CSL
    Consulting Inc., Sudan, Texas/Eastern New Mexico:
    “Our peanuts have
    finally taken hold and started growing. Valencias are starting to
    bloom and I expect to start seeing the Spanish bloom this week. I
    don’t have anything pegging yet and we’re not seeing any disease
    problems. We’ve had no fungicide treatments other than what we did
    at planting. We are having to fight some weed outbreaks.”


    Mark Abney, Extension
    Entomologist, University of Georgia, Tifton:
    “Peanuts look good.
    We’ve had showers over a lot of the state where we have peanuts.
    This week I’ve ridden over a lot of our production area and all the crops – not just peanuts – looked good. Everything
    seemed to have sufficient moisture.


    “Caterpillars are
    around. Folks are calling about them and some treatments have been
    made. This is nothing widespread that has prompted everybody to
    spray. Thrips are done. I heard some rumbling a couple of weeks ago
    about spider mites but haven’t had calls lately, so maybe the rain
    had an effect on them.”


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