Crop Progress and Condition for the Week Ending June 1, 2014.
Warm weather continued and all nine districts received measurable rainfall last week. Precipitation ranged from 0.70 on an inch in the South Central District to 1.37 inches in the Southeast District. Producers in the Panhandle and Southwest Oklahoma also reported good rains over the weekend, unfortunately too late to revive the winter wheat crops and too little for much improvement to subsoil moisture. Hay production in Central and South Central Oklahoma was slightly behind normal but was increasing slowly. Temperatures ranged from 48 degrees at Kenton on Tuesday, May 27th, to 98 degrees at Hooker on Sunday, June 1st. There were 5.0 days suitable for field work.
Small Grains: Condition of the winter wheat in Oklahoma continued to deteriorate, with 78 percent rated in poor to very poor condition. Wheat headed was virtually complete by week’s end while wheat harvested reached 6 percent complete, 14 point behind normal. Fifty-five percent of oats were rated poor to very poor. Oats planted reached 89 percent complete with 82 percent of the crop emerged by Sunday, 18 points behind normal. Oats jointing reached 78 percent complete, 19 points behind the five year average.
Forty-eight percent of rye was rated in fair condition. Rye jointing reached 68 percent complete by the end of the week, 32 points behind normal. Rye headed reached 68 percent complete, well behind the five year average.
Canola: Eighty-three percent of the canola continued to be rated in poor to very poor condition. Canola blooming reached 99 percent by week’s end. Canola coloring increased 14 points to reach 90 percent complete.
Row Crops: Corn conditions were rated 83 percent good to fair. Seedbed preparation for corn was 100 percent complete by Sunday. Corn planted reached 98 percent. Corn emerged reached 90 percent by week’s end, 10 points ahead of last year. Sorghum seedbed preparation was 95 percent complete while sorghum planted reached 48 percent complete.
Soybean seedbed preparation was 89 percent complete by Sunday, 22 points ahead of last year. Soybeans planted reached 53 percent by week’s end, up 10 points from the previous week. Soybeans emerged reached 23 percent complete. Seedbed preparation of cotton reached 97 percent complete. Cotton planted jumped 11 points from the week before to reach 41 percent complete. Peanut seedbed preparation reached 88 percent complete. Peanuts planted reached 80 percent complete by Sunday. Soybeans emerged reached 23 percent complete, just 6 points behind normal.
Hay: Conditions of alfalfa hay and other hay continued to be rated mostly fair to poor. A first cutting of alfalfa hay was 67 percent complete, up 16 points from the week before but still 18 points behind normal. A first cutting of other hay was 39 percent complete, up 8 points from the week prior.
Watermelons planted reached 58 percent complete, but still are 34 points behind normal.
Pasture and Livestock: Range and pasture conditions continued at mostly fair to poor, with 19 percent rated in very poor condition and 2 percent rated excellent. Runoff was needed to replenish stock pond levels. Bermuda pastures were slowly increasing in growth. Livestock conditions were rated 85 percent good to fair.
Weather: Temperatures ranged from 48 degrees at Kenton on Tuesday, May 27th, to 98 degrees at Hooker on Sunday, June 1st. Precipitation ranged from 0.70 of an inch in the South Central District to 1.37 inches in the Southeast District. Soil temperature averages ranged from 64 degrees at Goodwell on Monday, May 26th to 85 degrees at Burneyville on Sunday, June 1st.